Shine on, Syd: Pink Floyd’s Troubled Genius and the Battle Against Traditional Psychiatry

Jamal Ballouk
3 min readMar 9, 2023
Photo by Beatriz Miller on Unsplash

Syd Barrett, the co-founder and original lead guitarist of Pink Floyd, is often held up as a symbol of the anti-psychiatry movement. This movement, which gained traction in the 1960s and 1970s, called into question the traditional medical model of mental illness and the use of coercive treatments like electroconvulsive therapy and psychotropic drugs.

Barrett’s story is a complex one, marked by both immense creativity and an eventual descent into mental illness. Born in Cambridge, England, in 1946, he was known for his innovative and experimental guitar playing and songwriting, as well as his idiosyncratic style and lyrical imagery.

However, by the late 1960s, “Barrett’s behavior had become increasingly erratic and unpredictable. He would often show up late to shows or forget his lyrics entirely. He became reclusive and withdrawn, and his mental state continued to deteriorate”.

In 1967, “Barrett left Pink Floyd and was eventually diagnosed with schizophrenia”. He underwent psychiatric treatment, including electroconvulsive therapy, which some anti-psychiatry advocates have criticized as a form of medical coercion.

Barrett’s experience with mental illness and treatment has become a flashpoint for debate within the music and mental health communities. Some argue that his story is evidence of the limitations of traditional psychiatric treatments and the need for alternative approaches to mental health care.

For example, the psychiatrist R.D. Laing, one of the key figures in the anti-psychiatry movement, was critical of the traditional medical model of mental illness and advocated for a more holistic and compassionate approach to treatment. He argued that psychiatric labels like “schizophrenia” were often used to stigmatize and marginalize individuals who were struggling with complex emotional and psychological issues.

However, it’s important to note that Barrett’s story is not necessarily representative of the broader issues related to mental health and treatment. Mental illness is a complex and multifaceted phenomenon that requires careful consideration of a range of factors, including social, cultural, and environmental influences.

While the anti-psychiatry movement has had an impact on some aspects of mental health treatment, such as the development of community-based care and the use of peer support, it is not widely accepted within the medical and mental health communities.

“Most experts in the field acknowledge the reality of mental illness and emphasize the importance of seeking treatment and support for those who are struggling. They argue that psychiatric treatment can be beneficial for those who are experiencing mental health issues and that a range of approaches should be considered to address the complex factors that contribute to mental health”.

“Ultimately, Barrett’s story is a reminder of the complexity of mental illness and the need for compassionate and nuanced approaches to treatment and support. While the anti-psychiatry movement has raised important questions about the limits of traditional psychiatric treatments, it’s important to approach the topic of mental health and treatment with care and sensitivity, and to seek out evidence-based interventions and support for those who are struggling”.



Jamal Ballouk

Because somebody had to write about the tragedy of existence with a sense of humor.